In our body, the liver works as a processor that converts all the toxic and water insoluble substances into less toxic and water soluble ones. These processed non-toxic or less toxic and water soluble substances are then excreted from the body by the kidney.
Serum albumin is one of the proteins produced by the liver which circulates in the blood stream. Albumin works as a transporter for the toxins produced by the body and certain drugs, lipids, and hormones. It brings these substances to the liver for processing them into less toxic and water soluble substances. It also maintains the amount of blood in the arteries and veins.
Low albumin level in blood is due to many reasons such as:
There are no known pathological reasons that increase albumin levels in the body. However, dehydration and certain drugs such as steroids, growth hormones, and insulin may cause higher albumin levels in the body.
The normal range of slbumin in the body is 3.5 to 5 g/dL. A physician prescribes a blood albumin test when there are symptoms such as:
The blood albumin test is performed by taking venous blood. The blood sample then undergoes a process called Serum Protein Electrophoresis, which detects the exact amount of albumin levels in the blood along with other serum proteins.
Here are the associated diseases which a person may suffer from due to abnormal levels of albumin in his/her blood: