Dilated cardiomyopathy is a medical condition of the heart which tends to affect the left ventricle which is the main pumping chamber of the heart. In an individual diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy, the left ventricle tends to dilate or becomes enlarged because of which it is unable to pump blood with the required amount of force to various parts of the body. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a medical condition that is known to affect individuals of all ages and both genders as well as infants and children. In fact many a time's, dilated cardiomyopathy is known to be one of the common causes for complete heart failure as well as the reason behind the inability of the body to supply the various organs and tissues with the required amount of blood. There have also been several cases of dilated cardiomyopathy which have resulted into blood clots , irregular heartbeats or even sudden death.
There are various reasons that could result in the left ventricle of the heart getting damaged one of which is damage caused on account of an earlier heart attack. Some of the other commonly found causes of dilated cardiomyopathy include:
Some of the commonly observed symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy include:
The purpose of the treatment for dilated cardiomyopathy is to improve the flow of blood and to also prevent the heart from getting damaged further. Typically dilated cardiomyopathy is treated using a combination of various medications depending on the symptoms of the individual.
Some of the commonly used medications include ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, diuretics and Angiotensin II receptor blockers. The doctor may also recommend blood thinning medications to prevent the formation of blood clots as part of the treatment for dilated cardiomyopathy. The treatment or dilated cardiomyopathy may also include some implantable devices to monitor and control the heart rhythm and also support the weakened heart in pumping the required amount of blood to various parts of the body.