The term “cancer” is used when referring to a large number of diseases and conditions that are characterized by the development of abnormal cells in the body. These cells grow and divide at an uncontrollable rate and in the process they destroy the normal body tissue. This is probably why cancer can spread throughout the body, affecting the different organs and systems. There are several different types of cancer that have been known to affect men, women and children of all ages, some of the most common ones being lung cancer, brain cancer, blood cancer, prostate cancer (in men), breast cancer (in women), skin cancer and throat cancer, to name a few.
Studies indicate that cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the US. However, in the recent past, cancer treatment has improved significantly, due to which survival rates are increasing. This condition progresses in different stages and the sooner the treatment begins the more effective it is likely to be. Some cases of cancer are cured completely with the right treatment, whereas in others, the symptoms can only be managed to some extent. Several patients due manage to fight off the disease, but suffer from a recurring malignant tumor, months or even years later.
There are several different types of cancer that can affect people and some are more common than the others. Given below is a list of some of the most common types of cancer:
There are several other cancers that can affect people, apart from the ones mentioned above.
An early diagnosis of cancer can help improve the patient’s chances of recovering. Therefore, after studying the symptoms, your doctor may ask you to undergo certain cancer tests as soon as possible. Given below are some of the different medical tests that can be recommended for cancer diagnosis:
Some of these cancer tests are also helpful in identifying the stage to which the cancer has progressed.
Cancer is caused by mutations in the DNA within your cells and there are several different factors that could trigger this off. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to determine the exact cancer causes in a patient. Given below are some of the most common cancer causes in people:
Cancer can occur in the different organs and systems within the body and the symptoms that are experienced depend on the part that is affected. Given below are some of the most generic cancer symptoms:
Many patients experience drowsiness, personality changes, weakness, bleeding, speech problems and other such symptoms in case of cancer too.
Many of these symptoms are not specific to cancer and can be experienced in case of other conditions too. Nevertheless, it is important for you to consult a doctor if you happen to notice any of these symptoms, to rule out the possibility of cancer. This is because the treatment of cancer is more effective if it is administered in the initial stages.
In the past it was believed that cancer was a disease that had no cure and inevitably led to death. However, people are now becoming more aware about the different types of cancer treatment available. The main goal of cancer treatment is to kill or eliminate the cancer cells from the body. Given below are some of the different cancer treatment options:
Several patients have to go through a combination of these treatment options, for best results. In most cases, cancer patients are first required to undergo surgery, followed by radiation and chemotherapy.