The female reproductive system is far more complicated than the male system. This is because the female system has to produce the required egg for fertilization and also the required environment for the development of a fetus. Under normal circumstances, each ovary alternatively produces an egg which passes into the fallopian tube next to it. The fallopian tube then passes the egg to the uterus. From here, the egg is released along with the uterine lining and blood during menstruation. If the egg is fertilized while it is in the fallopian tubes, it will begin to develop into a fetus once it has implanted in the uterine wall.
The hysterosalpingogram is a test used to check the structures within the female reproductive system. The main aim of the hysterosalpingogram is to check the uterus and the fallopian tubes. The hysterosalpingogram is an X-ray based test that is conducted with the use of a contrast material. There is no preparation required for the hysterosalpingogram procedure. As part of the hysterosalpingogram technique the contrast dye is injected through the vagina into the uterus. Once the uterus fills up, the dye will pass into each fallopian tube. During the entire injection process, continuous X-ray images are taken. These images can trace the flow of the contrast material. Any blockage in either fallopian tube will be discovered in this way. If the fluid spills out of the top end of the tubes, then there is usually no blockage. In some cases, the doctor may also discover abnormal structures within the uterus such as uterine polyps.
There is usually some pain associated with the hysterosalpingogram procedure. This hysterosalpingogram pain is usually in the form of cramping. Cramps develop as the uterus is suddenly filled with fluid. These cramps are usually mild and will pass immediately after the procedure is complete. There are very few hysterosalpingogram risks or hysterosalpingogram side effects that the patient needs to be worried about. In extremely rare cases, patients may suffer from an allergic reaction to the contrast material used. This will present in the form of a rash that develops on the skin surface. The other risk associated with a hysterosalpingogram is the development of infection in the area.
This is also minimal and is usually avoided with the precautionary prescription of antibiotics. Following the hysterosalpingogram procedure, the results become immediately available. The patient can resume normal daily activity immediately after the hysterosalpingogram once the contrast dye has drained out of the body. Any concerns and worry about the procedure especially the hysterosalpingogram cost could be discussed with the doctor.