The hysteroscopy procedure was first performed in 1869 and is primarily used to help diagnose problems of the uterus. Modern medicine has come a long way since the techniques used back then and the hysteroscopy surgery has also become a widely used procedure. While the primary function of the medical procedure helps to diagnose any abnormalities in the uterus, it is also commonly used to confirm the results of other tests such as an HSG or hysterosalpingography, which utilizes the introduction of a contrast dye in the body in order to check up on the functionality of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Operative hysteroscopy is another type of hysteroscopy and is used in order to correct the abnormality that has been previously detected with the help of a diagnostic hysteroscopy. In most cases, performing the operative hysteroscopy just after a diagnostic hysteroscopy has shown up some abnormalities and is recommended as there is then no need for a second procedure. Some of the more common situations in which operative hysteroscopy is used include the removal of non cancerous growths from the uterus such as polyps and fibroids as well as in the case of uterine septum’s (which is a birth deformity) and abnormal and excessive menstrual bleeding.
Overall, a hysteroscopy surgery is rather safe and only 1% of all patients will experience any complications. These complications include heavy bleeding, injury to the cervix, bladder, bowels or uterus as well as infection.
When performing a hysteroscopy, the doctor will first administer a sedative after which the anesthesia will be applied. The cervix will then be widened in order to allow the hysteroscope to be inserted into the uterus. Some amount of carbon dioxide gas or liquid solution is inserted into the uterus via the hysteroscope in order to expand it and clear away any blood or mucous that may be present. A light will be then shone through the hysteroscope in order to allow your doctor to see the uterus as well as fallopian tubes. If any corrective surgery is required, small instruments will then be inserted into the uterus through the hysteroscope to perform the surgery.
When preparing for a hysteroscopy procedure, it is best to have it scheduled around the first week of the menstrual period as this provides the best view of the inside of your uterus. You must also make it a point to inform your doctor of any allergic reactions to any kinds of medicine.