Fertility Testing After Miscarriage

Submitted by Medical Health Test Team on October 17, 2012

A miscarriage is a condition that occurs when the woman's body spontaneously terminates a pregnancy, resulting in the abortion of the fetus. Miscarriages usually occur at the beginning of the pregnancy period but it is not impossible for the problem to occur at a later stage of pregnancy as well. Miscarriages could occur due to genetic problems with the baby which are detected by the body, especially if the baby is developing abnormally. Environmental factors can also lead to increased risk of miscarriage such as exposure to excessive pollution. Miscarriages are known to occur in women who have undergone a physical injury such as a vehicle accident. The jolt from such an accident could cause damage to the fetus resulting in an abortion. The most important and common factor for a miscarriage is a chromosomal abnormality. When the fetus has an abnormal chromosome structure, the body of the mother may reject the baby thus causing a termination of pregnancy. This is a natural process that is designed to reduce the number of abnormal pregnancies and the number of abnormal children being born. A miscarriage can be an extremely physically and emotionally draining event for a woman. There are also many hormonal variations that could occur during and after a miscarriage. The one good thing about a miscarriage is that it does not affect chances of conception in the future and of the birth of a healthy child in the future.

After miscarriage, it is usually recommended by doctors to avoid trying to get pregnant again for a few months. When a miscarriage occurs, the woman's period will resume after a few weeks or months. Once the periods stabilize, it can be assumed that normal functioning of the woman's reproductive system has resumed. A fertility test before this resumption of normal activity is likely to provide false results. The reason for this is that the hormone levels of a woman's body will be affected by the miscarriage which may be both physically and mentally exhausting.

Fertility testing after miscarriage should be conducted only after the woman returns to a normal cycle. This testing could be done using the same methods as used prior to the miscarriage. If there is a serious physical injury which has caused the miscarriage then treatment for that injury should be complete before testing is resumed. An injury to the abdomen can cause physical damage to the reproductive parts which will affect future chances of pregnancy, but other than that, normal functioning should resume.

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