Hepatitis Virus Infection Test

Submitted on March 27, 2012

This panel test is a series of blood tests, which helps to detect various forms of the hepatitis virus such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C, at the same time. Various antigen and antibody tests performed on the blood samples, helping to detect the different hepatitis viruses.

Hepatitis Virus Infection Factors

  • If you have chronic liver disease.
  • If you have been exposed to any of the hepatitis virus in any way such as through contact with an infected person, or with infected blood.
  • If you have received a hepatitis vaccine.

Test Reasons

Your doctor may order a Hepatitis Virus test, if symptoms of hepatitis are suspected in you. It could be Hepatitis A, or Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.

The test is prescribed in order to:

  • Detect any current or previous infection of hepatitis.
  • If you have Hepatitis, it determines how contagious you are.
  • To monitor the progress of a patient, who is already being treated for hepatitis.
  • If you are suffering from chronic hepatitis, to help find out the reasons behind it.
  • To check for hepatitis D (delta agent)
  • If you are suffering from Nephrotic syndrome.
  • The test is sometimes ordered after you have received a hepatitis vaccine in order to find out if your body has developed immunity by producing antibodies in response to the vaccine.

Test Procedure

  • Like with all other blood tests, a sample of blood will be collected by puncturing a vein, either in the inside of your elbow, or on the back of the hand, with a needle.
  • The puncture site should be first cleaned by the health care provider who is doing the test.
  • The blood will be collected in a tube or glass vial.
  • A bandage or a piece of gauze will be tied around the puncture to stop further bleeding.

You will feel a slight pricking sensation when the needle goes in. Some people may feel light to moderate pain.

Test Risks

  • There is very little risk, except the small risk of infection that usually accompanies any puncturing of the skin.
  • You may get excessive bleeding or a slight bruise.

Test Preparation

  • Inform your doctor if you are taking any medication which may affect the results of the tests.
  • If you are on blood thinners, you may be asked to stop it for a couple of days prior to the test.